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How Do I Check and Fix Errors on My Hard Drive?
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How to Fix a Hard Drive Error

A typical hard drive includes many moving parts, and any of them can fail unexpectedly. Inside the average hard drive, a multitude of circular disks are used to store data magnetically. These disks spin as data is written to them, which is why you can clearly hear many hard drives when they are at work. This is also why newer solid-state drives are virtually silent when operating; for now, though, most hard drives are “HDD” — hard disk drives.

How to Fix a Hard Drive Error

Professionals recommend a complete replacement of aging HDDs after five years of operation.

Because they are constantly in motion, traditional hard drives lose performance over time. This is usually noticeable after two or three years of ongoing use. After five years, professionals recommend considering a complete data backup and replacement plan for aging HDDs. What can you do in the meantime to fix your hard drive errors?

There are several options for maintaining your drives and addressing errors:

Use Disk Defragmenter

Windows PCs come with a built-in Disk Defragmenter tool that can alert you to hard drive errors before they become serious. As the name implies, Disk Defragmenter reorganizes your hard drive’s file structure in a cohesive way, putting the files you access frequently “up front” so they will load more quickly. It can also identify corrupt sectors of your hard drive. If the tool shows a growing number of bad sectors after several weeks, you may need to replace your drive.

Avoid Downloading Large Files

If you are unsure about the performance of your hard drive, you should avoid downloading large files. You can also improve performance by removing large programs you may not be using. This will help your Disk Defragmenter tool to operate more quickly and avoid corrupt sectors of your hard drive. Larger files, especially those taking up more than one gigabyte, are responsible for the majority of disk fragmentation. If a hard drive is already damaged, they can worsen the issue.

Ensure Your Drive Runs Cool

Hard drives operate more effectively in cooler temperatures. You should be cautious of storing your computer tower below a desk or in other areas where ventilation is poor. It is also a good idea to use compressed air to occasionally blow out the cooling fans in your computer’s case. If the fans become damaged or stop working, discontinue use of the computer and have the fans replaced. Exposure to heat is one of the fastest ways to cause permanent disk drive damage.

If none of these options work to enhance your hard drive's performance, odds are good that it will have to be replaced. If the damage is not yet severe, you may have the option of doing a “clean boot” and reinstalling Windows. Whichever option you choose, however, you'll have to make plans to securely recover the data from the damaged hard drive before proceeding.

Go Online for a Free Quote from Certified Professional Data Recovery Experts

If you are wondering how to fix a hard drive error for good, the best thing you can do is contact certified experts in data recovery. At Secure Data Recovery, our experienced technicians use state-of-the-art facilities to quickly and efficiently recover your data.

Don’t be tempted to use software programs that claim to help you recover data at home. Once a hard drive is damaged, this kind of program can worsen the problem and make more data inaccessible by rewriting it! Instead, contact us to learn about safer options.


Learn More About Hard Drive Errors

Follow the links below to learn more about hard drive errors, developing a disaster recovery plan and hard drive recovery options from Secure Data Recovery.

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